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Varhata Oksana Valeriivna, 

PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Khmelnytsky National University

Kuleshova Olena Vitaliivna,

PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Khmelnytsky National University

Mikheieva Liudmyla Vasylivna,

PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Khmelnytsky National University




The article provides the theoretical analysis of the psychological readiness of socionomic specialists for innovative professional activities in the scientific psychological literature. The methodological approaches to determining the essence of psychological readiness are outlined. The structural components of the psychological readiness of socionomic specialists for innovative professional activity are determined. The structure of the psychological readiness to the innovation professional activity includes motivating value, cognitive, operational, personal, creative, communicative, reflective components.

The article reveals the definitions “readiness”, “professional readiness”,  “psychological readiness”, “innovation  readiness”, “psychological readiness for innovation professional activity”. The definition of psychological readiness for innovative professional activity in the context of scientific comprehension is considered. Theoretical and methodological understanding of the scientific literature allowed to determine the essence of psychological readiness for innovative professional activity as a psychological phenomenon which is characterized by the demonstration of motivation for professional activity, mastery of innovative technologies to achieve goals, ability to creative activity and high level of reflection. In the article, the psychological readiness to the innovative professional activity is understood as the complex of the personal professional qualities, which assist in professional tasks solving in the innovative sphere. The concept of psychological readiness of socionomic specialists for innovative professional activity has been improved. The article provides the empirical analysis levels of the psychological readiness of socionomic specialists for innovative professional activities. The psychological factors and the psychological barriers of the psychological readiness of socionomic specialists for innovative professional activity are determined.

Key words:  readiness, professional readiness, psychological readiness, innovation readiness, psychological readiness for the innovation professional activity, psychological factors, psychological barriers.

Drobot Olha Viacheslavivna

Doctor of Psychology, Professor at the Department of 

Pedagogy and Psychology of Professional Education, 

National Aviation University 




The COVID-19 pandemic contributes to numerous transformations of mass consciousness of varying content, depth and duration. Pandemic consciousness is considered by the author as the total amount of extreme and exaggerated assessments, views and attitudes which gain independence and become a mass trend, reflecting the current state of epidemic situation. The notion of pandemic consciousness of each of the subjects of public life (an individual, a group, a class, a nation, society as a whole) has several specific features and requires analysis from a scientific standpoint.

The purpose of the study. The purpose of the study is a theoretical analysis of the phenomenon of pandemic consciousness as a special state of mass consciousness of society. Research methods include analysis, synthesis, comparison, specification, generalization, analogy and method of data triangulation.

Results. Pandemic consciousness is a state of mass everyday consciousness that finds its expression in the indirect reflection of everyday life, its purpose being to assist society in meeting its needs related to physical and economic survival. An attempt was made to consider the procedural structure of consciousness which consists of six main elements, including: knowledge, thinking, emotions, attention, memory and will.

Theoretical analysis of the phenomenon proved that basic manifestations of pandemic consciousness are situated in the cognitive plane - the phenomenon of infodemia, conspiracy theories, magical thinking, revival of enemy archetypes and conspiracies, search for new meanings, escape from unfavorable reality, generation of new simulacra, alarmism and angst-ridden future expectations. A number of negative psychological reactions to the pandemic were detected in the emotional plane of pandemic consciousness - sensory and emotional deprivation, increased feelings of danger and helplessness, anxiety, irritability, emotional exhaustion. The use of stereotypes simplifies reality and its image during pandemics. Pandemic experiences are influenced by the dynamics of personal needs, expectations integrated by the individual. The right way to alleviate the acute states of pandemic consciousness is to change perceptions of the world, vitality, tolerance for uncertainty, and one’s own life position.The main group of verbal stimuli that activate the causal links of pandemic fears are: COVID-19, virus, epidemic, pandemic, infection, contamination, risk of infection, unmasked person, disease, hospital.

Conclusions. It is concluded that the crisis that humanity is experiencing today is primarily an existential crisis. It is concluded that one of the main ways to correct the acute states of pandemic consciousness is to change perceptions of the world.

Key words: pandemic consciousness, image of pandemic world, basic manifestations. 

Medvedska Olena Ivanivna

PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor,

Brest State University named after A.S. Pushkin





Scientific problem and relevance. The novelty and active introduction of digital technologies make psychological studies of the Internet impact on users of different age groups relevant. The study covers adult and senior age groups, whose psychological formation finished during the pre-digital era.     

Aim. The paper aims to reveal the specifics of a categorical structure of adult web-users’ consciousness regarding social perception.

Methods. The results of an empirical research carried out in the tradition of the cognitive approach are as follows. The study involved 600 respondents. All the respondents were representatives of the intellectual labor and are from 35 to 60 years. Using an open-ended questionnaire, the respondents were divided into two contrasting groups: “the reading subjects” and “the active Internet users” (n=100 each). Modeling of the categorical structure of the respondents’ consciousness was carried out through the factor analysis. As the incentive material, the assessments of the features of a “good” and “bad” person were used. The leading criterion of the complexity of consciousness is the quantity of the categories that form the concept.

Main results. The main conclusions are that the reading subjects have a more complex cognitive structure in the categorization of a personality. There are two parameters that indicate this complexity: the quantity of the categories that form the concept, and the quantity of the categories with a bipolar internal organization (p=0.05). 

Sphere of application. The data can state the rationale of online activity restrictions of adult Internet users.

Conclusion. A simplification of a categorical structure in social cognition among the active Internet users can be a kind of deformation because of Internet impact.

Key words: categorization, cognitive complexity, personality, factor analysis, semantic differential.

Tarasiuk Inna Vasylivna,

Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor 

at the German Philology Department, 

Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University




The article highlights that the phenomenon of cross-cultural interactions retains its significance and relevance during the time of rapid globalization and active migration.

Intercultural conflicts often lead to social imbalance, alienation, separation, and even to the loss of national identity. Everything depends on the nature of acculturation pathways, i.e. the strategies migrants choose in order to adapt to a multicultural environment.

Within the framework of cross-cultural psychology, J. Berry – an influential Canadian scholar in the field of social multiculturalism – proposed the concept in terms of intercultural relations and acculturation strategies. According to the researcher, the latter comprises two components, namely: socio-cultural attitudes and the real model of individual behavior under specific conditions, which rarely coincide. Such strategies as assimilation, separation/segregation, marginalization, and integration have been discussed in the article. By assimilation we mean the refusal from or complete loss of people’s cultural identity, traditions, language, and the consequential unification with the dominant ethnic group. Separation or segregation is defined by the absence of significant relations or contacts with the dominant ethnic group and the preservation of ethnic identity and traditions. This strategy can take the form of either segregation or separation, depending on which group (dominant or non-dominant) controls the situation. Marginalization is characterized by the feeling of alienation, the loss of the sense of identity, and the so-called acculturation stress. This strategy leads to the deprivation of cultural and psychological interactions with both the traditional and dominant cultures due to exclusion or discrimination. Integration is perceived as both the preservation of the cultural integrity of a certain group and the desire to become an essential part of a larger community. Therefore, integration can be considered the middle ground between preserving one's cultural identity and joining a dominant society.

In conclusion, the integration strategy is considered the most successful. However, it should also be emphasized that such factors as a relatively low level of social prejudice, positive relationships between different cultural groups, and a wide range of cultural values within a society are vital for the effective implementation of the strategy. In further research, we intend to investigate which of the strategies mentioned international students use most during the process of their acculturation to a foreign academic environment. 

Key words: acculturation, acculturation strategies, assimilation, separation/segregation, marginalization, integration.

Horbach Ivanna Viktorivna,

first-year student of the Master’s Degree of

the Educational and Professional program “Psychology”,

The National University of Ostroh Academy

Tymoschuk Elyzaveta Anatoliivna,

student of the second year of study of the third (Doctor of Philosophy) level of higher education educational and scientific program “Psychology”,

The National University of Ostroh Academy




Due to modern economic development in Ukraine, reform in education is creating increasing competitiveness, which in turn puts forward new requirements for the development of professional competencies for various professions. The article highlights the current situation on the labor market, which allows to distinguish modern professional requirements. Therefore, at the present stage, one of the leading problems facing educational institutions is a system of career guidance with applicants, which will help create certain preconditions for motivation to succeed, which in turn will affect future employment.

The concept of professional self-determination has been interpreted differently in recent decades. The parallel between human success and the compound need for self-realization is considered. This article analyzes the concept of “professional self-determination” and approaches to determining the factors of determination in classical and modern psychology.

The article analyzes and highlights the main problems faced by applicants during professional self-determination. The issues of vocational guidance in educational institutions and its impact on vocational guidance are highlighted. It is observed how the problem of conscious choice of profession seekers affects the further career development of the individual.

The article considers important theoretical and methodological approaches to studying the problem of professional self-determination. The concept of “professional self-determination” is analyzed in modern domestic and foreign psychological research. The phases of professionalization formation are determined, and its development in ontogenesis is outlined. Moreover, it describes the components of professional self-awareness of the applicant and how they are identified.

Key words: professional self-determination, professional orientation, professional self-concept, motivation.

Vovchenko Olha Anatoliivna

PhD of Psychological Sciences, Doctoral student, 

Institute of Special Education and Psychology after N. Yarmachenko, 

The National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine




The article outlines the psychological features of the age period, which is determined by the scientific category as an “adolescent crisis”. The problem of the adolescent crisis has been revealed in people with intellectual disabilities. 

The importance and relevance of the study is revealed first, due to the difficulties of adolescence: its dynamism, ambiguity, lack of emotional stability of the individual; secondly, due to the specifics of personality formation with intellectual disabilities; thirdly, the need to further develop effective psychological support for adolescents with intellectual disabilities. The aim of the article was to study and experimentally test the specifics of the emotional crisis of adolescence in people with intellectual disabilities. The purpose was provided by solving the following tasks: stating the peculiarities of the adolescent crisis in people with intellectual disabilities; determining the state of formation of “I-concept” and “self-image” of adolescents with intellectual disabilities; establishing the specifics of behavioral reactions and interaction of the adolescent with others (peers, the elderly) in conditions of experiencing an age crisis. 

Moreover, the author conducted a psychological testing procedure to study the peculiarities of the formation of the personality of a teenager with intellectual disabilities during the age crisis (adolescent crisis). M. Kuhn’s psychological testing method “Who am I?”, T. Leary’s method of diagnostics of interpersonal relations were used; conversations, observations. The purpose of using these techniques was to determine the self-image, self-presentation, self-perception and self-esteem of adolescents with intellectual disabilities. According to the results of the study, it was found that adolescents with intellectual disabilities have a process of self-knowledge and understanding of their own “I”, internal mental acts and states are underdeveloped or absent. This complicates the process of experiencing an adolescent’s crisis. As evidenced by the low level of recognition and differentiation of emotions, emotional awareness, management of their own emotions. Also critical are difficulties with the adequate expression of emotions in accordance with the situation that determines them, in particular with the manifestation and control of anger, rage, aggression and other. The further directions of research of formation of the person with infringements of intellectual development in adolescent age are outlined.

Key words: adolescence, intellectual disabilities, age crisis, self-presentation, “self-image”.

Zhyhaylo Nataliia  Ihorivna

Doctor of Psychology, Professor,

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv

Voloshyna Oksana Yevhenivna

Head of the “Institute of Sleep Disorders and Psychotraumatic Disorders”, post-graduate student at the Department of Psychology,

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv





This article actualises the issues of sleep disruption, awareness of youth about the importance of sleep for human body, highlights essential notions and research into the field of sleep disorders among adolescents carried out by us aiming to analyse the quality of sleep in the time of the global pandemic, occurence of nightmares and level of knowledge about the significance of sleep for human body. Insufficiency of awareness about the value of sleep, facing stress choosing to study at night, work at nighttime, leisure time at night among youth cause serious problems with health in the future. This article contains a survey of a vast array of research that give evidence of importance of sleep for human health, European recommendations on the sleep disorders treatment methods, descriptions of short medical cases, suggested by us new directions in medicine and psychology, which are developing, for solving problems in treating sleep disorders, studies carried out be us, best practises, sleep diary according to transdiagnostic approach for diagnostics and observation of recovery dynamics, methods of self-diagnosis and self-regulation etc. In conclusion, this material is a big step for increasing competencies of specialists in various directions who work with sleep disorders in medicine and psychology. 

Sleep disorders that are not of organic origin and require a separate or individual diagnostic protocol, night diagnosis (night diagnosis is what happens to a person at night), choice of therapies and therapeutic project for the treatment of post-traumatic sleep disorders and nightmares are described.  A brief overview of our proposed new direction in medicine and psychology of somnotherapy, which is only developing in Ukraine and abroad.  The term “somnotherapy” is proposed to mean not only a new direction in the treatment of sleep disorders and nightmares, but also a method of sleep treatment.  As part of the new direction of “somnotherapy”, the article presents our proposed protocol of primary intervention for the treatment of sleep disorders, the algorithm of cooperation between a doctor and a psychologist-somnotherapist (patient / client route).

 We consider the results of the study to be a big step to increase the competence of specialists in various fields working with sleep disorders in medicine and psychology.

 Key words: sleep, sleep disorder, research analysis, somnology somnotherapy   transdiagnostic approach, diagnosis, night diagnosis, day  diagnosis, medical   diagnosis, psychological diagnosis, psychiatric diagnosis, sleep diary.

Hromova Nataliia Mykhailivna, 

PhD (Candidate in Psychological Sciences), Associate Professor,
Associate Professor at the Chair of Romance and Germanic Languages,

National Academy of Security Service of Ukraine




The article is devoted to the research of students’ attitude towards learning English and critical reading as the reading competence component. The aim of this study is to define the students’ motives and attitude to learning English as well as to reading and completing tasks to the texts. The tasks of this paper are: 1) to carry out the constating experiment to find out the motives to learning English; 2) to research their reading culture of different sources of information; 3) to establish the students’ attitude towards reading tasks and critical reading tasks in particular. 

42 Choreography students took part in the constating stage of an experimental study which included two questionnaires in writing and an oral interview. The first questionnaire aimed at defining the students’ attitude towards learning English and contained 13 items to mark the agreement with. The results of the questionnaire revealed the prevalence of instrumental motives over the integrative ones with communication with foreigners, travel and career being the most significant ones. Studying the English literature appeared to be the least valuable motive for students. The second questionnaire on frequency of reading different sources of information aimed at showing the students’ reading experience. The results demonstrated low frequency of reading books and the lack of interest in reading in general with the Internet sources having the highest mention and newspapers the lowest. The following interview carried out to find out the commonest and the most favorite reading tasks the students had to deal with at the English lessons revealed that they chose defining true/false statements and answering fact questions which do not usually require analytical skills. Expressing standpoints and opinion tasks were mentioned as the least favorite ones. The main reasons why the students found them complicated were stated as insufficient level of command of English vocabulary, the lack of critical reading skills and questioning the reliability of information. 

Thus, the study showed that the students have poor experience in dealing with critical reading tasks which leads to the lack of curiosity while reading texts. Designing of a foreign texts critical reading training course to develop students’ general reading competence is considered to be perspective for the following research.

Key words: critical reading, motivation, attitude, text.

Hutsuliak Oleksandra Pavlivna

Postgraduate student, Department of Theoretical 

and Practical Psychology,

Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University




The aim of the article is to analyze the theoretical approaches to the study of the problem of professional self-definition of the disabled people in young age and the empirical definition of individually typological characteristics in motivating the choice of a future profession.

Among the factors influencing professional self-determination, there are the auto-psychological competence of the individual, self-awareness, activity, internal contradictions, individual psychological specifics etc. The effectiveness of the professional activity in young age depends on the individual typological characteristics of a young person with disabilities. At the same time, the developing characteristics of the subject of professional activity (orientation, knowledge, abilities and skills, professional competence, etc.) are significant, they turn out to be in the integral characteristics of the personality (interests, orientation, emotional and behavioral restraint and the ability to adjustment) forms of professional development of personality (individual, personal, individual-personal), stages of psychological restructuring of the personality (self-determination, self-expression, self-realization) in connection with adaptive behavior or development of  personality in professional activity, individual typological features. It is very essential for the professional development of a young person, and moreover for a person with disabilities, to take into consideration her individual and typological characteristics while teaching. Correctly selected psychological tools for definition of the weak and strong points of a personality and necessary psychological support, the corrective work of a psychologist, in our opinion, make it possible to adapt adjustment of a person with disabilities to the conditions of professional activity.

The empirical part of the article deals with the results of a study of the characteristics of professional self-definition and individual-typological characteristics (temperament) of young people with disabilities, the leading role of motivation in choosing a profession and defining patterns in the formation of the motivational sphere. It was found that among the optants of a specialized college, internal individually significant motives (compliance with individual abilities, the possibility of mental and physical development, attractiveness, the opportunity for creativity) are predominant, most of them have decided on their professional preferences. Thus, after analyzing and comparing the results of the survey among students of schools and specialized colleges, we found some differences in the motivation of the youth with disabilities to choose a future profession. Young people, who have almost decided upon a profession, are going to take into account their own physical capabilities in their future professional activities and rely on real material support.

Key words: professional self-determination, individual psychological characteristics, auto-psychological competence, self-awareness.

Marchenko Oleksandr Serhiiovych 

Teacher at the Public Health Departament and Physical Education,

The National University of Ostroh Academy

Biliuk Serhii Petrovych 

Teacher at the Public Health Departament and Physical Education,

The National University of Ostroh Academy

Stadnikov Gennadii Volodymyrovych 

Teacher at the Public Health Departament and Physical Education,

The National University of Ostroh Academy




The article analyzes and summarizes the motivational factors of Higher Education Institution (ZVO) students to play sports. Based on the theoretical analysis, it is revealed that an essential factor in skipping physical education classes is the motivation and motivational factors of the individual. The main circumstances are laziness, low level of strong-willed potential, indifference and lack of awareness of responsibility for their health, insufficient knowledge about the benefits of physical activity, dissatisfaction with the professional level of teachers, lack of personal interest in sports in general. 

According to the study, the first positions of recreation for students of Western military districts are sitting at a computer and other gadgets, visiting cinemas, clubs, and not doing physical exercises. The lack of scientifically based curricula is an obstacle to improving physical education performance among students. Students are not satisfied with the monotony of classes. Students’ requests demand professional training of the future specialist and at the same time improvement of the process of educating students' physical culture.

Key words: motivation, motivational factors, physical culture, students of universities. 

Miroshnychenko Olena Anatoliivna,

Ph.D in Pedagogy, Associate Professor at the Department of Pedagogy, 

Professional Education and Management of Educational Institutions

Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University





The article considers the  individually-typology features of Ukrainian winterers and its role in the process of adaptation to extreme living conditions.  The relevance of the article is based on the fact that Ukraine for 26 years has the opportunity to explore the White Continent at the Ukrainian Antarctic Station “AcademicianVernadsky”. Wintering of the Ukrainian polar explorers is related to the protracted stay on a limit territory that requires adaptation to the social isolationsensory and psychological deprivation in wintering.

The aim of the article is to present psychological studies the  individually-typology features in wintering people in Antarctica as a prerequisite for psychological adaptation of personality. The scientific developments of domestic and foreign researchers dealing with the problem of adaptation to life in extreme conditions are analyzed. The concept of psychological adaptation to life in extreme conditions is specified; the  individually-typology features of winterers are determined; some main methodological tools of psychological research are presented. 

The main accentuations that are characteristic of winterers are highlighted, and the peculiarities of personality behavior with different types of accentuations are described. Age groups of Ukrainian winterers are defined. The role of age differences in individual-psychological characteristics of winterers are shown in the example of ten Ukrainian Antarctic expeditions. It is proved that the most adapted is the average age group – a person at the age of 35-45. Such results allowed to determine new criteria of psychophysiological and psychological forecasting, and also confirmed necessity of application of psychological researches of Antarctic winterers.

Key words: adaptation to the extreme terms of vital functions, individually-typology features, age differences, intra-extrovervia, neuroticism.

Tyron Olena Mykolaivna 

Associate Professor,

State University of Infrastructure and Technologies





Fiction writers who are engaged in science is a phenomenon. We studied this phenomenon to gain new opportunities for the development of soft skills in students of technical specialties and to widen the possibility of popularizing scientific achievements. 

The chronological boundaries of the study cover the period of XVIII - the first half of XX century; geographical boundaries cover Europe, the United Kingdom and the United States. The relevance of the study is related to the relevance of popularizing science among students of technical specialties, as well as the development of soft skills through writing stories about scientific discoveries, fostering interest in reading fiction about science and technology. The purpose of the study was to find psychological and informational material that will affect the emotional sphere of the student's personality and motivate him to write and read works of art about research and innovation. 

The ability to use research on the role of writers as promoters of science and technology depends on how we provide information about their works. In this regard, we offer a psychological technique to impress readers of scientific stories, i.e. the effect of “wow” as a combination of the factor “wow” and the halo effect. Stories about science affect different areas of human activity. They are used to address environmental, medical, political and other issues. The information material of the study confirms the following: if scientists and inventors do not demonstrate the consequences of their inventions and discoveries, it leads to erroneous assumptions, causes alarm in society and affects the mind of the individual. We studied the nature of writers' connection to science and sought answers to the question of whether writing works of art and the ability to do research could be equal aspects of an individual's abilities. 

The results of the study prove that these abilities predominate in only one area of activity. We also support the view that writers can be impartial promoters of science and technology. However, we propose this idea for discussion because writers demonstrate more the ethical side of the interaction between science and the human mind than they disseminate scientific facts. The further development of the study will be related to the study of the influence of science fiction on consciousness, namely how science fiction informs the reader about the current state of the world and draws attention to the changes we must make as a species.

Key words: halo effect, “wow” factor, popularization of science and technology, consequences of inventions and discoveries.

Shestopal Ivanna Anatoliivna,

PhD (Candidate of Psychological Sciences),

 Senior Lecturer at the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy,

The National University of Ostroh Academy




Adolescence is a sensitive period of an individual’s way of life projection through an ability of awareness its individuality and self-reflection, self-determination in social, personal, professional and other aspects of life, designing life plans and desire of conscious future’s planning. The purpose of the research is to determine psychological peculiarities of an ability to make a life choice in measuring the self-determination of the students. The self-determination of an individual is determination of the personal orientation vectors in different modes of life activity that is based on a life-sense search. The emergence of life plans in adolescence determines set for professional self-determination of youth that is involved in social production and labor activity that provides the process of “Me” ideas specification in a profession, career and professional plans. 

The study has been conducted at the National University of Ostroh Academy during 2019-2020. The sample was consisted of 50 respondents aged 20-25 at their 3rd-4th years of studying at different depatments and specialties. It has been diagnosed that the general level of modern youth’s ability to make own life choice is at a low level. During making important decisions, students have shown low ability to manifest independence in the process of self-determination, to resist the influence of others on this process. Due to the weakness of established life-based values, adolescents find it difficult to figure out optimal ways of their capabilities’ realization. Young people have demonstrated sufficient ability to analyze properly all aspects of the situation during making life decisions. Students have an inability of overcoming difficulties and obstacles in life, what prevent making balanced life decisions and the implementation of self-determination at the stage of choosing a profession and mastering professional activity. The inability of overcoming difficulties and obstacles fully prevents from own potential’s realization and taking opportunities, as well as making life balanced decisions, choices and perform self-determination of adolescents in general.

Key words: self-determination of an individual, professional self-determination, life choice, adolescence.




Avhustiuk Mariia Mykolaivna, 

PhD in Psychological Sciences, 

Associate Professor at the International Relations Department, 

The National University of Ostroh Academy




The article presents the results of the theoretical and comparative analysis of the scientific psychological and pedagogical literature on the problem of studying the main approaches to the operationalization of emotional intelligence. In particular, a brief description of the main components of the most well-known methods of measuring emotional intelligence is provided: the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test developed by J. Mayer, P. Salovey and D. Caruso, the self-report tests “Emotional Quotient Inventory” by R. Bar-On and N. Schutte with colleagues’s Self-Report Emotional Intelligence Test, D. Gowlman’s Emotional Competence Inventory, K. Izard’s Emotional Knowledge Test, R. Cooper’s “EQMap” for interpersonal success model, K. Petrides and E. Furnham’s “Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire” test, N. Hall’s method of assessing emotional intelligence, D. Lusin’s “EmIn” questionnaire, etc. The relevance of the study of the main aspects of methods of measuring emotional intelligence is due to the need to clarify the structure of this phenomenon and include it in the system of personal characteristics, as well as the influence of ambiguity of the role of emotional intelligence in educational activities.

Based on the comparative characteristics of the main components of the most famous methods of measuring emotional intelligence, an attempt was made to conceptualize the main approaches to its operationalization. Emphasis, in particular, is made on the comparison of the main criteria by the differentiation of emotional intelligence as a trait and emotional intelligence as ability. The results of the analysis are important for further studies of this phenomenon.

As the analysis of scientific and psychological approaches to the problem of operationalization of emotional intelligence has shown, there is a need to personalize tests of emotional intelligence in accordance with students’ requests and their problems, to study the features of intercultural validity of emotional intelligence. A promising area of ​​study of emotional intelligence is also the study of its relationship with metacognitive strategies. In particular, the theoretical-methodological and empirical principles of studying emotional intelligence in the context of metacognitive monitoring of students’ learning activities are relevant.

Key words: validity, emotional intelligence measures, emotional intelligence, methods, self-questionnaires, tests.

Kostina Tetiana Oleksandrivna 

PhD in Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor,

Doctoral student at the Department of Psychology

Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University

Bulakh Iryna Serhiivna 

Doctor of Science in Psychology, Professor, 

Dean of the Faculty of Psychology, 

National Pedagogical University named after M. P. Drahomanov




The article presents the results of a theoretical analysis of the literature, which showed the presence of a significant number of gender biases in scientific research of the last century. Modern research, on the contrary, shows a tendency to rethink established gender stereotypes and move away from neurosexism. The desire of modern scientists to create science beyond gender stereotypes is growing. It is emphasized that in Ukraine, there is a tradition of research on gender issues. It is noted that today there is an insufficient number of psychodiagnostic tools in the Ukrainian language, which can be used to study the gender beliefs of an individual. The article aims to present the adaptation of the English-language questionnaire “Gender Bias Quiz” into Ukrainian.

Research methods are: system-structural analysis, generalization of scientific literature data to the requirements of adapting the psychodiagnostic tool and evaluating its reliability, methods of mathematical statistics (Cronbach’s Alpha criterion and Pearson correlation coefficient). The reliability assessment of the “Gender Bias Quiz” questionnaire included an assessment of internal consistency and retest reliability.

The procedure for adapting the psychodiagnostic tool met the necessary criteria: sufficient sample size for this type of questionnaire (n=52), representativeness of the sample (adolescence students), the required time interval between the first testing and the second one (1 month).

The sample consisted of 52 students aged 17 to 24 years (M=21, SD=1.71). The results of checking the questionnaire`s reliability based on the internal consistency indicator using Cronbach's α showed its sufficient level (α=0.87).Retest reliability was checked by calculating the correlation coefficient between the results of the first test (M=39.83; SD=10.2) and the repeated test (M=39.29; SD=11.9). The correlation analysis performed showed a significant level of correlation (r=0.89 at p≤0.001), which indicates fairly high retest reliability of the psychodiagnostic tool.

For the correct use of this questionnaire, some limitations were outlined: 1) the adaptation of the methodology took place on students, so it can be used in the study of gender attitudes of youth personality; application on representatives of other age categories requires an additional adaptation procedure; 2) this questionnaire does not belong to standardized psychological methods but is actually a questionnaire that studies the respondent's opinion on the gender issue; therefore, the definition of statistical norms based on the results obtained from this questionnaire is not correct in this case. It should be noted that the application of this questionnaire has significant potential in cross-cultural comparisons of gender biases of representatives of different countries and regions. 

The results of the questionnaire adaptation procedure showed a sufficient level of reliability of the questionnaire and confirmed the possibility of using it as a psychodiagnostic tool for studying the gender attitudes of a young person. We see the prospect of further research in expanding the boundaries of using the questionnaire: adaptation to other age categories of respondents. 

Key words: gender bias quiz, gender biases, gender stereotypes, psychodiagnostic tools, gender.

Davydova Oksana Volodymyrivna

Candidate of Psychological Sciences, 

Lecturer at the Department of  Psychology, Pedagogy and Philosophy,

Kremenchuk Mykhailo Ostrohradskyi National University




The article is devoted to the theoretical study and empirical research of the effectiveness of mindfulness psychotherapeutic practices in the regulation of stress resistance in adolescence. 

It is theoretically determined that the consequences of stress are manifested in increased anxiety, irritability, emotional tension, fatigue, insomnia, etc. Stress resistance is associated with the tendency of the individual to be responsible for events in his life and the results of their activities; adolescence is experimental for identifying by a personality the stress coping strategies that are not always productive. It is noted that in Ukraine the direction of studying the mindfulness problem is currently at the origins of its development. Scientific attempts are being made to determine the role of mindfulness in various aspects of reducing personal stress, the ability to influence stress resistance processes by improving the mental health culture, through the formation of values ​​and competencies in recognizing their own psychological problems, but but scientists have paid insufficient attention to the implementation of the role of mindfulness practices in the educational space, establishing relationships between the mindfulness characteristics and students’ stress resistance. 

This refers to the fact that the development of stress resistance involves a variety of technologies, including psychotherapy. It is pointed out that one of the new achievements of psychological science is the introduction of mindfulness practices in the educational space, as the priority of the educational environment is to find ways of effective psychological care, technologies of psychological support for young people, minimization of distressing phenomena in schools. The following mindfulness techniques are singled out: meditative techniques, which include relaxation and developmental effects, teach to be fully present “here and now” and to notice the usual states of our consciousness.  

It is noted that the awareness factor helps to calm down, stabilize well-being, return from thoughts to the actual students’ experience of the “here and now” situation, turn on the consciousness state of “just being”, plays a significant role in choosing behaviors in difficult life circumstances. The mindfulness psychotherapeutic practices effectiveness in the stress resistance regulation in adolescence through the prism of empirical measurement is determined.

A sample of respondents was formed on the basis of the lyceum “Olympus” №30 in Kremenchuk. The total number of respondents is 70 adolescents (15-17 years old). The results of the summative assessment are highlighted. The results of using a comprehensive psychodiagnostic methodology are analyzed: Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale – Revised, CAMS – R (Feldman, G., Hayes); the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) K. L. Gratz, L.Roemer, the “Man in the rain” graphic psychodiagnostic technique

During the empirical research, the theoretical results of the Ukrainian scientists studies on a problem of stress resistance are generalized and features of students’ behavior strategies in stressful situations by the “Man in the rain” technique are distinguished empirically. Therefore, the novelty of the study is in figuring out the characteristics of students’ psychological states according to the following criteria of comfort / discomfort: resourcefulness, ambivalence, insecurity and their regulation depending on the level of mindfulness development  in adolescents. 

A psychotherapeutic program for the development of mindfulness skills in everyday life for adolescents has been developed, which aims to develop the individual’s ability to perceive, feel and remember phenomena in the internal and external environment. It is important to note that psychological stability is supported by both internal (personal) and external (interpersonal, social support) resources, which are based on mindfulness control and are not limited to mental and emotional automatic reactions. The psychotherapeutic program provides students with the means that allow them to act more effectively in everyday life, to solve routine problems. The relationships between the mindfulness characteristics and stress resistance in adolescents were revealed through the results of a summative assessment.

Key words: psychotherapeutic practices of mindfulness, stress resistance, emotional regulation, strategies of behavior in stressful situations, psychological state, adolescence.

Derev’anko Svitlana Petrivna

PhD (Candidate of Psychological Sciences)

Associate Professor, Department of General, 

Developmental and Social psychology

National University “Chernihiv Collegium”

Named after T. H. Shevchenko




Prolonged instability of socio-political conditions and unpredictable transformations in the modern life of many countries of the world require from the average person realization of stress-protective abilities and constant activation of an adaptive reserve. These features of modern life make increased demands on psychotherapeutic practice. One of the most recognized modern methods of psychotherapeutic care around the world is cognitive-behavioral therapy, which is rapidly evolving and systematically updated with new data. We consider timely and relevant analysis of recent publications in the field of cognitive-behavioral therapy and identification of promising research topics that will serve as a basis for their further in-depth study.

 The purpose of the article is to determine the main directions and priority topics of research of cognitive-behavioral therapy at the present stage of its development (for the last 5 years during 2017-2021). During the research the methods of theoretical analysis of scientific sources on research issues were used; systematization, generalization of the analyzed data. 

According to the results of our study, two main areas were identified: theoretical and methodological (specified components of the “third wave” of cognitive-behavioral therapy; data on comparing the methodology of cognitive-behavioral therapy with other psychotherapeutic practices, including Gestalt therapy, Мusic therapy) and methodical (means of cognitive-behavioral therapy aimed at diagnosing cognitive errors – “Scale of emotional schemes of R. Likha” in adaptation by N. Sirota, questionnaire of cognitive errors by A. Freeman, R. DeVolf in adaptation by O. Bobrov and E. Faizrakhmanova, Scale of cognitive exposures R. Kovin in the adaptation of T. Kryukova, identified areas of implementation of modern training programs of cognitive-behavioral therapy – educational activities, family relationships). 

The obtained results can be applied in the education in order to update the work programs and educational literature on teaching the basics of cognitive-behavioral therapy. A review of current research on cognitive-behavioral therapy has shown that the priority topics of the theoretical and methodological direction are the latest trends of the third wave of cognitive-behavioral therapy, as well as a comparative analysis of cognitive-behavioral therapy and other psychotherapeutic practices. The most relevant topics of methodological direction are the development and adaptation of methodological tools of cognitive-behavioral therapy; improvement of technologies for conducting sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy in clinical practice; introduction of training programs in the paradigm of cognitive-behavioral therapy in socio-pedagogical practice. It can be generalized that modern cognitive-behavioral therapy is intensively developed and updated in accordance with the requirements of the time (integration of approaches, Internet communication, mobile applications for cognitive-behavioral therapy).


Key words: cognitive-behavioral therapy, modern research of cognitive-behavioral therapy, theoretical and methodological direction, methodical direction, methodical means of cognitive-behavioral therapy, sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy, training programs in the paradigm of cognitive-behavioral therapy.